In 1921 Sarah, Wolf, Fairy and Ben again, saved
a little money and borrowed from the finance company to send tickets to
their parents and Kitty. They were booked for boat passage (steerage)
aboard the ship Carmania which sailed from Liverpool.
Hannah was advised by her Hindu doctor not to travel but she refused to
listen to him. She wanted to be with all of her children and
grandchildren. They packed the bare necessities, plus the candlesticks,
Elijah's Cup used at Passover, and prayer books. The ship's manifest lists
Samuel, Hannah and Kate (Kitty) as being from Manchester. It also lists
their birth place as Borisna, Russia (which today is Borisnov, Belorusse).
It listed J. Goldman, their son in law as their sponsor. And their
destination was Millie and Joseph's home located on Hawthorn Street in
Chelsea, Mass. Samuel declared that he had $100 in his possession. As
sponsor, Joseph Goldman declared a net worth of $1,000 and a monthly income
Samuel, Hanna and Kitty landed in New York
where Kitty stayed with Becky and Jack, who showed her the town. Hannah
and Samuel went to Boston to be with Millie, Joe, and the grandchildren.
Hannah was there a short time when she suffered a heart attack, and they
sent for Kitty. After six weeks, Hannah decided that they must go to
Detroit to see the rest of the family. They stayed with Sarah and Wolf.
Four days after their arrival in Detroit, Hannah died from a heart
attack on May 28, 1921, at the age of 56. There was literally no money for
a funeral, so she was buried in the Poor Women's Section of a fraternal
organization's cemetery. It took several years of saving and again going
to the finance company before the family could erect a headstone as a
Kitty now lived with Sarah and Wolf and Samuel stayed with Fairy and
Ben. A job was found for Kitty as a "sewer." She met and married
David Wallace a half brother of Ben Buttner.
Samuel divided his time between his three daughters who saw to it that
his need to be an observant Jew was respected. Even though the families
were living in Detroit and the East Coast, they remained in close contact,
and Judaism was practiced in their homes in one way or another. Samuel had
no independent means of support but needed to show his appreciation for
what his family was doing for him. Economic times were very bad, but he
sold papers, new and used. People loved to see and be with this handsome
gentleman with the snow white hair and a tinge of red in his white beard.
He had a great sense of humor and was physically strong. He recuperated
from major surger and an automobile accident very quickly because he
refused to stay in bed. Age took its toll however, and when he was eighty
the family found it very hard to care for him. He became a resident of the
Jewish Home and lived there until his death at the age of eighty-three, on
July 3, 1936. He is buried in a different cemetery than his wife Hannah
because fo the accessibility of the cemetery to the family.
In 1928, Miriam's oldest daughter, Reka, was sent to Detroit and stayed
with Fairy and Ben. Several years later Bertha, her sister, arrived in
Detroit. Miriam's third daughter, Fay, at approximately fourteen years old
was put o a boat to America with just a label pinned to her coat advising
of her name and that she was traveling alone. She was to join her sisters
Reka and Bertha. The plan was for the whole family of Miriam and Abe
Kravitz to live under one roof, but unfortunately this was never to
happen. The authorities would not pass Ike Kravitz because of his ill
health. Fay lived in America with her family and with her Aunts, Sarah and
Kitty, but when the Wall Street crash and the war years came, Miriam asked
Fay to return to England to assist her in a hairdressing business she had
In 1950, many years after she was widowed, Miriam Kravitz came to
Detroit to be with Reka and Bertha, leaving the rest of her family in
London and Manchester where they reside to this day.
In 1952 the Kaplan
Club was formed in Detroit. It was formed for several reasons:
1) To maintain the
gravesites of Samuel and Hannah Kaplan
2) The cousins, aunts and
uncles liked to be together, and
3) We felt it was important
to maintain close family ties as the family clan increased in numbers.